The United Nations Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter of the United Nations, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.
The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of the settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.
Agenda Item: “De-escalating the Tigray War”
Summary of the Agenda Item
The conflict between the federal government and the Tigray forces, which commenced in November 2020, centers around Ethiopia’s Tigray region. Neither side has exhibited any willingness to pause hostilities in pursuit of dialogue. In addition to the increasing death rate, the conflict possesses the power to threaten the Ethiopian state itself, thereby significantly destabilizing the region. This remains amongst the most pressing ongoing humanitarian crises, with more than 5 million people requiring assistance and over 400,000 people already acutely food insecure. This committee presents itself as a prime opportunity for delegates to engage with Altitude’s theme of ‘principled diplomacy’, as permanent members such as the USA, Russia, China will have to reach conclusions despite their differences. For effective decisions, external politics must also be taken into account. In essence, the nations will have to attempt to realistically seperate themselves from the issue at hand. all while taking into account cultural heterogeneity and the intricate tribal conflicts at play.