The United Nations established the United Nations Children’s Fund on the 11th of December 1946 to meet the needs of children in countries devastated by the Second World War like China and European nations. The United Nations Children’s Fund now works in 191 countries through a multitude of programs and national committees.
The committee focuses primarily on child survival and development, basic education and gender equality, HIV/AIDS and children, child protection, and policy advocacy and partnerships. With its second extension, UNICEF has created a medium-term strategic plan, starting in 2006 and expiring in 2013, to tackle these issues in a more organized way. The organization is in the process of creating a plan for the 2014-2017 period. UNICEF will coordinate these strategic plans with the United Nations Development Program, United Nations Population Fund, and UN Women.