The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is an agency of the United Nations (UN) that was created in 1946 due to the vital need for aid after World War II. UNICEF was created as a kind of effort to resolve the major healthcare and food shortage issues for children in wartorn nations. When it was established, the organization was known as the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. In 1950, it extended its efforts and began concentrating on the long-term needs of women and children in developing countries. UNICEF became an enduring agency of the UN in 1954, and its name was shortened to United Nations Children’s Fund. The original acronym “UNICEF” was kept. Currently, UNICEF works to help governments improve the health and education of women and children. UNICEF’s work is carried out in 191 countries and territories.
A) The role of children in armed conflict
B) The protection of children with a special focus on child prostitution and sex tourism